Federal Statutes

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (IFDCA) (21 U.S.C. § 331) prohibits misbranded or adulterated food from entering the marketplace. 

The Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act (7 U.S.C. Chapter 63) funds state direct marketing assistance programs and directs a yearly survey to determine what methods of direct farm marketing are being used. 

The Packers and Stockyards Act (P&SA) (7 U.S.C. §§ 181-229b): prohibits unfair, deceptive, unjustly discriminatory, fraudulent and anti-competitive practices. Livestock dealers are required to register and be bonded to protect producers.

The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA) (7 U.S.C. §§ 499 et seq.) seeks to ensure fair trading practices for fruits and vegetables by requiring farmers to deliver produce as promised and buyers to pay within a reasonable period of time of receipt.

The Agricultural Fair Practices Act (7 U.S.C. §§ 2301-2306) was enacted in 1967 to protect farmers who belong to cooperatives from retaliation or coercion by handlers who are trying to limit producers’ capacity to market and bargain cooperatively.  The Act prohibits handlers from (1) coercing a producer to join a cooperative, or refusing to deal with a producer for joining a cooperative;  (2) discriminating against a producer in price, quantity, quality or other terms due the producer’s membership in a cooperative; (3) attempting to bribe producers to quit or not join cooperatives; (4) coercing the entering into or the breach of a contract between a producer and an association of producers; (5) making false reports about the activities and finances of a cooperative, and (5) conspiring with anyone else to do any of aforementioned.

Federal Trade Commission Act (FTCA) (15 U.S.C. §§ 41-58): prohibits untruthful and deceptive advertising and unfair advertisements.

The CAN-SPAM Act (15 U.S.C. § 7701 et seq) regulates all commercial email from a business to a consumer. 

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (29 U.S.C. Chapter 8) establishes minimum wages, maximum hours, and prohibits employment discrimination and child labor.

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) (29 U.S.C. Chapter 15) establishes safety and health standards for agricultural employees. 

The Migrant and Seasonal Worker Protection Act (MSWPA) (29 U.S.C. Chapter 20) establishes standards for the employment of migrant and seasonal agricultural workers. It also requires employers to make certain disclosures and maintain employment records. 

The Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. § 1101) allows businesses to recruit foreign agricultural workers under the H-2A visa program during seasonal shortages of domestic agricultural workers. 

The Egg Products Inspection Act (EPIA) (21 U.S.C. Chapter 15) authorizes the USDA to inspect eggs and egg products and establish standards for uniformity of eggs. 

The Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA) (21 U.S.C. §§ 451-471) authorizes the USDA to license and inspect poultry production facilities that ship in interstate commerce. 

The Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA) (21 U.S.C. §§ 601-695) authorizes the USDA to license and inspect meat production facilities that ship in interstate commerce.